The Little Paris Bookshop by Nina George

23278537TITLE: The Little Paris Bookshop
AUTHOR: Nina George
LENGTH: 365 pages
PUBLISHED IN: 2015
GENRE: fiction (France, Paris, bookshops, readers, books, relationships, cancer, lovers)
ISBN: 9780553418774
REASON FOR READING: library bookclub
RATING: 4/5SUMMARY:
Monsieur Perdu calls himself a literary apothecary. From his floating bookstore in a barge on the Seine, he prescribes novels for the hardships of life. Using his intuitive feel for the exact book a reader needs, Perdu mends broken hearts and souls. The only person he can’t seem to heal through literature is himself; he’s still haunted by heartbreak after his great love disappeared. She left him with only a letter, which he has never opened.After Perdu is finally tempted to read the letter, he hauls anchor and departs on a mission to the south of France, hoping to make peace with his loss and discover the end of the story. Joined by a bestselling but blocked author and a lovelorn Italian chef, Perdu travels along the country’s rivers, dispensing his wisdom and his books, showing that the literary world can take the human soul on a journey to heal itself.MY THOUGHTS:
I’m pretty ambivalent towards this story. It was good more than it was bad–parts of it, especially the traveling on the riverboat bit, were really quite lovely. I’m not sure the plausibility of Perdu and Catherine’s relationship growing as it did–it’s weird because I didn’t have any problem believing in Cuneo’s and Samy’s relationship, which started even odder.The setting and focus on books and reading was nice. Manon’s diary entries, towards the end of her part of the story, hit a little too close to home for me and actually upset me at times. Though I think that was more due to the timing of reading this book.

Blast from the Past–Reading Lolita in Tehran by Azar Nafisi

7603Reading Lolita in Tehran by Azar Nafisi
5/11/2007-5/30/2007–343 pages–memoir (Islamic Republic of Iran, women, society, education)
Bought summer ’06  from Waldenbooks
★★★

Well, seeing as this book was read for the bookclub, most of my feelings have already been discussed. There was one more quote pointed out by another member that I liked–

“Whoever fights monsters should see that in the process he does not become a monster.” ~Nietzsche (p180)

Thinking about that, I’m reminded of A Wind in the Door–“It is the nature of hate to destroy.” And A Swiftly Tilting Planet–“Hate hurts the hater more ‘n the hated.”

Overall, Nafisi’s style didn’t suit me, mostly because of her lack of transition. So that’s why the rate is so low.

—Part 1, May 13, 2007—
The first part of this book, Lolita, was interesting, but at the same time a little confusing for me.
First what was interesting…
I like how Nafisi described each of her students right from the get go. By doing this, it will help me figure out why they may act or respond to certain things. The girls who are more religious (Mashshid and Sanaz) may keep a safter, more conservative stance on some issues that creep up during discussions. And their discussions could still be more uninhibited due to the censor of the window. What is seen through the window is completely different from the women’s every day life, and it helped them to forget they had to act as others would want them to. By forgetting all that was “wrong” with their world, they were able to feel more comfortable in their own skin, even if they orally can’t define themselves.
During this part, Nafisi also explains many problems with the Islamic Republic of Iran. For instance, why she quit as a professor. The system was under such strict regulation, all had difficulty teaching properly for worry of using something bad. It’s sort of the way the NCLB Act worries me, but I know it’s on a smaller scale because it won’t be as strict as the IRI. Aside from school, there’s also the role of women and how it’s changed. I’ll use of quote of Nafisi speaking of Scheherazade in A Thousand and One Nights. “The virgins, who, unlike Sheherazade, have no voice in the story, are mostly ignored…They surrender their virginity and their lives, without resistance or pretest. They do not quite exist…” The virgins resemble the women in the IRI. They are “seen” as invisible (“they do not quite exist”) and they are submissive to their male relatives (“without resistance”). Although Nafisi doesn’t directly point this similarity out, I think that’s why she included it.
Another aspect of the woman role in the IRI Nafisi included at the end of the part the difference between generations. Nafisi’s generation was able to experience everything which came to be outlawed. But the generation of her students barely glimpsed the freedom once felt. They may be envious because they hear about the women complaining of missing it and so it, therefore, must be worth wanting. So, is what Khaled Hosseini said in The Kite Runner true? “It always hurts more to have and lose than to not have in the first place.” There could be many answers.
Nafisi also explains that the girls are never able to see themselves clearly. They, like many women probably, can only see themselves as they should be, through others’ eyes. Even when the window censors out the daily life they can’t see themselves as they are, even if they can act as themselves.
So now, for what a bit confusing. At the beginning of Chapter 10, Nafisi declares that they, the women/girls, are not Lolita, that the government is not Humbert, and that Iran is not Humbert’s world. But in every way Nafisi describes anything in Lolita, it seems so similar to the life of Iranian women she describes. Now, I’ve never read Lolita, so I can’t say they are the same. Because I don’t personally know much about Iranian women either. But I see similarities between both anytime one is mentioned. Am I misunderstanding Nafisi? Because I can’t figure out why. On page 50, Manna is describing ways the IRI is similar to Lolita. But Nafisi said they weren’t. I’ll have to ask someone.

—Part 2, May 22, 2007—
While reading this second part, “Gatsby”, I was a bit confused at first. The part was so unlike the first and I wasn’t sure at first if I liked it. The first part was more about Nafisi’s bookclub than about her life story. But I did like actually learning her past. The change in presentation was just sudden.
Secondly, I liked this part because I have read The Great Gatsby and so I knew why the literary allusions were significant. Now, I didn’t particularly enjoy reading the book for school, but I still understood what was happening.
“America can’t do a damn thing against us! This is not a struggle between the US and Iran, it’s a struggle between Islam and blasphemy” (p104). This is a nice thought, but the US must always be involved with everything. Case and point: Korean & Vietnam wars.
I loved the whole conversation about the American Dream. It was practically American Studies from three years ago all over again, but with a better understanding. During the trial of Gatsby in Nafisi’s class, the Muslims felt that he was at fault because the fiction had the ability to persuade readers it was true and should be taken as fact. “There was, for Mr. Nyazi, no difference between the fiction of Fitzgerald and the facts of his own life” (p120). But that quote really depicts the idea that fiction and reality are different. Take Zarrin’s closing of the trial: “Did people all go on strike or head west after reading Steinbeck? Did they go whaling after reading Melville? Are people not a little more complex than that” (p135). She points out that by arguing fiction as reality, you are really only arguing  your own ignorance to not be able to tell the difference. This is what my mom argues when I read Harry Potter.
“Americans have a dream: they feel nostalgia about the promise of the future” p109
“The dream is not about money, but what he imagines he can become. It is not a comment on America as a materialistic country, but as an idealistic one, one that has turned money into a means of retrieving a dream” p142

—Part 3, May 23, 2007—
So I finished the third section for the discussion. This part mainly dealt with the war between Iran and Iraq and her formal expulsion from the university.
My favorite part was the story Nafisi recorded from her friend Lelah about the security guard and the chase 🙂 It was very hilarious.
I found the way Nafisi described her days after expulsion, feeling “fictional,” was interesting. It seems very possible of all people, well women at least, to have an identity crisis when someone is trying to make all the same. I have a feeling Nafisi as a fictional character probably felt she was in a nightmarish story. The conformation of Nafisi reminds me of all those dystopic novels I’ve read before with mindless drones for people (Anthem, The Giver, etc.)
I also found Nafisi’s moral dilemma interesting: wearing the veil or not educating thousands of minds? I don’t know what I would’ve done if I’d been in her place. Maybe the same, but I hope it never comes down to a choice like that for me (or anyone else).

—Part 4, May 24, 2007—
As I’m realizing, I don’t really care for Nafisi’s organization. It’s clearly not chronologically presented, nor really spatially. Most of it may be chronological in general, but the randomness of parts about the books really messes me up. I find I enjoy the writing more if any passages dealing with literature and allusions are left out. For instance, Chapter 23 was completely irrelevant. The chapter just included a short biography of Henry James. But wait–isn’t this a memoir of Nafisi? Whose life am I reading to learn about? The only relevant point brought out in this chapter is found in the last paragraph. Another time at least Nafisi forewarns in the first sentence she’s digressing from her own life (26).
“Live all you can; it’s a mistake not to. It doesn’t so much matter what you do in particular so long as you have your life. If you haven’t had that what have you had?” (Henry James p247)
“It takes courage to die for a cause, but also to live for one” (p249).

—Part 5, May 30, 2007—
Well, as with the Gatsby section, I liked this more because I’d read the material being discussed. But, thinking back, I don’t really think Nafisi was discussing books so much as just finishing her period of life in Iran.
At the beginning of this part, Nafisi finally really returns to the class and her girls. There was a chapter dealing with the structure of Austen’s works. I really loved the analogy, but it was basically irrelevant to the story. Speaking of analogies, at the end Nafisi says living in the IRI is like sleeping with a man you loathe. This was also a good analogy and actually relevant too 🙂
I would like to point out a few connections I thought of. First, many people were afraid to leave for the US because they knew they’d probably have to start overa gain. There was a Boy Meets World episode (“Security Guy” Seaso 4, Episode 20) in which Eric doesn’t want to attempt the SATs and he just gets a job rather than going to college. His fellow seecurity guard, from the Middle East, had been an engineer, but had to prove that again in the US. It made me realize people are willing to do all the schooling again because they just need to be here, in the US. I commend these people.
The other connection, if you’d call it that, was figuring out Nafisi’s writing style. I think she basically wrote with few transitions making it seem so random. And I realized that is how one writes in a diary. If it’d been in diary form, it would’ve been simpler to read so as to not really confuse.
A favorite passage: “Things that come naturally to me are considered sinful, so how am I supposed to act?” (p326, Mitra)

 

All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr

18143977TITLE: All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr
LENGTH: 530 pages
PUBLISHED IN: 2014
GENRE: historical fiction (France, Germany, WWII, soldiers, occupation, war)
ISBN: 9781476746586
REASON FOR READING: local library book club pick
RATING: 5/5

SUMMARY (from Goodreads):

Marie-Laure lives with her father in Paris near the Museum of Natural History, where he works as the master of its thousands of locks. When she is six, Marie-Laure goes blind and her father builds a perfect miniature of their neighborhood so she can memorize it by touch and navigate her way home. When she is twelve, the Nazis occupy Paris and father and daughter flee to the walled citadel of Saint-Malo, where Marie-Laure’s reclusive great-uncle lives in a tall house by the sea. With them they carry what might be the museum’s most valuable and dangerous jewel.

In a mining town in Germany, the orphan Werner grows up with his younger sister, enchanted by a crude radio they find. Werner becomes an expert at building and fixing these crucial new instruments, a talent that wins him a place at a brutal academy for Hitler Youth, then a special assignment to track the resistance. More and more aware of the human cost of his intelligence, Werner travels through the heart of the war and, finally, into Saint-Malo, where his story and Marie-Laure’s converge.

MY THOUGHTS: My favorite war to read/learn about is WWII, so it was no surprise when I found this book really interesting. It was a quick read. The story reads from three simultaneous storylines, but mostly going back and forth between the young French girl Marie-Laure and young German boy Werner. The chapters are very short, and the sections of the book go from the day they meet back to the beginning of how their lives first became connected. I was constantly intrigued because I wanted to know how they finally meet, if that was the case because I wasn’t sure it would end that well.

The only part I didn’t like about the book was the end, when we jumped from 1944 to the 1970s, and then further to 2014. Had this been an epilogue, I might not have even read it. I don’t usually like big time jumps like this. I actually would personally prefer for the story to end with a little mystery so I can think what I like about the characters’ futures. So, once the story hit the end of the 1944 section, I would’ve rather just had the story finish. No continuing from 1944 to 1945 with a completely undeveloped minor character and then on to 1974 and 2014. There was an air of mystery in the end, but not enough for me…

Q & A–an interesting traverse through India

TitleQ & A
Author: Vikas Swarup
Genre: fiction
ISBN: 9780743267472
Length: 
318 pages
Published
: 2005
Source: public library
Rating: 4/5
Challenges/ResolutionsTravel the Globe Resolution (and Further Exploration)

This is the fourth round (of six) for my Travel the Globe Resolution, which I’m doing with a blogger friend, Shannon at Giraffe Days. Here is her post from a book set in India, The Inheritance of Loss.

Q & A is a novel, set in present day India (2005 is when it was published). The story is essentially a compilation of memories from Ram Mohammad Thomas’ past–about a 13 year span, as he, like us, doesn’t remember much from before the age of 5–and these memories help him explain to a lawyer how he truthfully knew the answers to the Indian quiz game show Who Will Win a Billion? We thus hear of Thomas’ entire childhood. While the memories are presented out of order, it’s not all that confusing to read. I think the story flows well, almost as if it is a collection of related short stories.

Throughout the entire story, we travel between three major Indian metropolises: Mumbai, Dehli, and Agra. I loved the way Thomas described the people and lifestyles he grew up with:

“Those who live in their marble and granite four-bedroom flats, they enjoy. The slum people, those who live in squalid, tattered huts, they suffer. And we, who reside in the overcrowded chawls, we simply live.” (p56)

If these three classes are the only three which Thomas truly believes exists, it makes me feel happy that he belongs to the middle class. While his “middle class” and the American sense of the term are very different, it helped me identify more with him. The fact that he had people better and worse off than him made him seem like more than a character in a book. By no means am I saying that I can identify with Thomas–I was/am not an orphan, I didn’t have to work to survive (not until I was almost 19 anyways), and I had a very stable childhood.

It was difficult for me to gather much that was serious or informational about India from this book. With the past three books I’ve read for my Travel the Globe Resolution, I have purposefully chosen books that center around recent (within the last 50 years) major issues to the cultures in the book. (I have to admit that I checked this book out only a week ago because I had thought I needed a book for Ireland, which is due for October 😦 ) The class distinction was the most prevalent issue in this book.

“There are those who will say that I brought this upon myself. By dabbling in that quiz show. They will wag a finger at me and remind me of what the elders in Dharavi say about never crossing the dividing line that separates the rich from the poor. After all, what business did a penniless waiter have participating in a brain quiz? The brain is not an organ we are authorized to use. We are supposed to use only our hands and legs.” (p2)

I like the following illustration of this as well:

“Why did she have to arrange such a lavish wedding for her sister? You people who are poor should never try to overreach yourselves. Stay within your limits and you will not get into trouble.” (p278, Swapna Devi)

And abuse was something that appeared to make frequent appearances:

“You are a young orphan boy. You have not seen life. But I know the daily stories of wife beating and abuse and incest and rape, which take place in chawls all over Mumbai. Yet no one does anything. We Indians have this sublime ability to see the pain and misery around us and yet remain unaffected by it. So, like a proper Mumbaikar, close your eyes, close your ears, close your mouth and you will be happy like me.” (p68)

The following are quotes that I liked, but have no real relevance to anything above.

“But people always remember Marilyn Monroe and Madhubala as young because they died young. The lasting image people have of you is how you looked at the time of your death.” (p228, Neelima)

I have to say I disagree with this. There are plenty of deceased movie stars that I remember as young, but lived to an old age, such as Audrey Hepburn. There are even some that are simply old and alive now, but when I hear their names I think of them in their prime, such as Julie Andrews.

“…dying an honorable death is better than living a coward’s life.” (p29)

Yes, perhaps a little cheesy. But true, nevertheless.

My General Thoughts: In general I did enjoy this book. I can’t remember anything about Slumdog Millionaire (the movie version), so I’m sure that this is a very accurate feeling. While I don’t normally like short stories, or even those which make up a collective story, I think this read a lot like short stories, but I liked it.

One question I do have is, what’s with all the pervvy old men?! Men fondling boys, men taking advantage of other men, men taking advantage of boys, men wanting their daughters–I was beginning to wonder if there’d be a pervert in every chapter! But that stopped after the first four, for the most part. Of which I’m glad. It didn’t really make me uncomfortable. But enough is enough.

Balzac and the little Chinese Seamstress by Dai Sijie (thoughts on Part III & review)

TitleBalzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress
Author: Dai Sijie
Genre: historical fiction (semi-autobiographical)
ISBN: 9780375413094
Length: 197 pages
Published: 2000 (in French, 2002 English)
Source: personal collection
Rating: 3/5
Resolutions/Challenges: none

Reason for Reading: It was in my personal collection and my online book club (Rory’s Book Club) was reading it.

Summary (from book jacket):

At the height of Mao’s infamous Cultural Revolution, two boys are among hundreds of thousands exiled to the countryside for “re-education.” The narrator and his best friend, Luo, guilty of being the sons of doctors, find themselves in a remote village where, among the peasants of Phoenix mountain, they are made to cart buckets of excrement up and down precipitous winding paths. Their meager distractions include a violin–as well as, before long, the beautiful daughter of the local tailor.

But it is when the two discover a hidden stash of Western classics in Chinese translation that their re-education takes its most surprising turn. While ingeniously concealing their forbidden treasure, the boys find transit to worlds they had thought lost forever. And after listening to their dangerously seductive retellings of Balzac, even the Little Seamstress will be forever transformed.

My Thoughts (about the book in general): In general, I felt rather indifferent towards this book. I didn’t find anything to be overwhelmingly amazing and interesting, nor horribly boring and pathetic. While I found the setting–both time and place–interesting, I didn’t feel like I got much out of the story that would be educational. Yeah, I know that just because it was set in a tumultuous time, that doesn’t mean it has to have a tumultuous story.

Part III Thoughts (for RBC discussion located here)(SPOILERS):

(Here is my post about Parts I & II)

When Dai mentioned those authors’ names, I first thought, “Why so many French writers?” Upon thinking it over, it’s possible that these were authors Dai might have read around the time of his own re-education. I mean, be did move to France after he left Communist China. So I’m thinking there are two possibilities: either Dai read these authors when they were forbidden and they made him choose to live in France or he picked French writers because he moved to France.

I am left a little unfulfilled in the respect that I never learned what the narrators name was. He even described the “three figures representing the three Chinese characters constituting my name.” These were a galloping horse, a pointed sword, and a bell with lots of strokes around it. I suppose I could try to figure it out by Googling these descriptions 🙂 But why did he never say? So many chances to tell, but never did.

“It would evidently take more than a political regime, more than dire poverty to stop a woman from wanting to be well dressed: it was a desire as old as the world, as old as the desire for children.” (p130)
^^^I just found this to be pretty funny 🙂

The random chapters narrated by the miller, Luo, and the Little Seamstress I didn’t enjoy very much. I felt they were out of place with the rest of the story, especially because there wasn’t really any significance to the change of voice. Nothing special happened in these chapters to make the narrative switch necessary. Just another somewhat odd question I have (like the narrator’s name).

I was pretty sure that the narrator and the LS were going to betray Luo’s trust. I was thinking of the love triangle in the movie Pearl Harbor where one guy leaves and his best friend moves in on the girl (although in the movie, they thought he was dead, so it was a legit switch). There were lots of clues I saw to that effect. But I was wrong. This didn’t happen, at all. Although I hadn’t really foreseen the LS’s pregnancy. And I definitely didn’t think she’d run off the way she did. I mean, I didn’t think exactly that she and Luo would end up happily ever after. But I hadn’t expected her to run away.

Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress Parts I & II discussion for RBC (SPOILERS)

Here are my thoughts on the first half of Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress. I’m reading this for a book club discussion, hosted at Rory’s Book Club (RBC) (click here to see the discussion threads).

I’ve found this book to be very interesting so far. I haven’t really spent a lot of time in communist China in books before, so it is very interesting to read about that time. My book’s blurb about the author says that he was re-educated between 1971-1974. And I think that makes me more intrigued by the story–the fact that it’s semi-autobiographical. Or at least that mountain villages and people are somewhat accurate in representation, since he experienced them first-hand.

I, of course, enjoy the fact that much of the story centers on Luo and the narrator (I don’t recall his name being mentioned yet) attaining forbidden books. One has to wonder, would they want to read them if they were allowed to? Or, given the chance, would they read Eastern classics over Western ones? Personally, I’ve never read anything by any of these authors except Dumas. (Authors mentioned were Balzac, Hugo, Stendhal, Dumas, Flaubert, Baudelaire, Romain Rolland, Rousseau, Tolstoy, Gogol, Dostoyevsky, Dickens, Kipling and E Bronte.)

I have to say that I’m a little surprised that the narrator and Luo didn’t fight over the Little Seamstress. And Luo is the more confident one, as far as the storytelling goes. I can’t help but wonder, if the Little Seamstress is so beautiful, how the narrator has no feelings of wanting her at all. It’s a little strange that we don’t really know anything about Luo’s and the Little Seamstress’s relationship–but all of the sudden, the narrator mentions that they had sex (and even a little detail, at that!). It makes me wonder whether or not that relationship really means anything. But, then again, the narrator just might not relate everything Luo says. The narrator seems to feel inferior to Luo, but is totally okay with it. And I find that a little strange…

Oh, and I’m wondering if there’s any significance to that rooster clock. If the villagers went through all the belongings that the two boy brought with them and saw anything of value, they could’ve taken it and made it “community property”, couldn’t they? (If they were true communists and shared everything, that is.) Or maybe they were just supposed to take away anything “revolutionary”. Either way, it seems like the headman, who so admired the clock, could easily just take it away from the boys. What role will the clock take later, I wonder…

On a previous note, I wonder why the narrator has no name. Even when asked his name by Four-Eyes’ mother, he replied with Luo’s name. What’s the significance to this?!

Bliss by OZ Livaneli–a trek through Turkey

TitleBliss
Author: OZ Livaneli
Genre: fiction
ISBN: 9780312360535
Length: 
276 pages
Published
: 2002 (2006 English translation)
Source: public library
Rating: 3.5/5
Challenges/ResolutionsTravel the Globe Resolution (and Further Exploration)

This is the third round (of six) for my Travel the Globe Resolution, which I’m doing with a blogger friend, Shannon at Giraffe Days.

OZ Livaneli’s Bliss is a novel in which three very different people unite and ultimately separate. These three people–Meryem, Cemal, and Irfan–represent three very different groups of people in contemporary Turkey.

Meryem is a fifteen-year-old girl living in a small rural village in Anatolia (that’d be eastern Turkey). From the Western viewpoint, she might seem very “oppressed”, but she doesn’t consider herself so because she knows no other life than the one where all women are sinners simply because of their gender and are subjugated to men. In this case, the “helpless fifteen-year-old girl who has no rights as a woman” has been raped by her uncle, a sheikh. This seems to me like the book would just intensify stereotypes like those some people might hold about women in Muslim/Middle Eastern countries (like my mom and grandma, actually). Not sure if this was intentional or not.

Cemal is an ex-commando who just finished his two year (mandatory) stint in the Turkish army. It was his father that raped Meryem (so they are cousins). His father doesn’t tell him what exactly Meryem did to “shame the family”, but he charges him with taking her away to Istanbul to “deal with the problem” (aka, kill her).

And Irfan is a professor of middle age. Married very well-off and living in the modern world where the customs of a village like Meryem’s are practically nonexistant except for political reasons. He is plagued by some crazy psychological ailment in which he basically fears doing the same thing day in and day out–a fear of knowing what is coming and the mundanity of it all. So, he makes a HUGE change in his life

The setting of the story, which takes place in the present, is in various places around Turkey. It starts in east Turkey, called Anatolia. Then, Meryem and Cemal trek west across the whole country to Istanbul. Finally, they work their way south to the Aegean coast.

As for more serious things, there are some issues brought up in the book. First and foremost, the whole helpless girl being raped and it being her fault as a religious issue is there. Then there are the political tensions brought up–the Turks and Kurds are fighting and there is an Islamist Revolution a la 1970s Iran present in bigger cities.

Cemal and Irfan, as characters, were a little annoying to me at times. They seemed to whine and complain and be depressed about anything and everything. Yeah, I know everyone complains from time to time. But it was fairly constant from them. Meryem, on the other hand, didn’t complain much at all. She was completely naive to the fact that the other girls from the village who went to Istanbul and never came back didn’t come back for a ghastly reason. I didn’t really connect with any of the characters and felt that I shared basically no similarities with them at all. As I said before, Meryem might seem oppressed in the Western sense of the word. And I am not oppressed by any means. I liked the fact that until Meryem had left her village near Lake Van and seen more of the country–especially the more “developed” parts–she had no problem with her life. She saw nothing wrong or amiss, and I’m not saying there was. I hadn’t realized that it such a modern world and in a country like Turkey with some very developed parts of the country that there could be such “backward” places and communities. I don’t mean that I think they are backwards, but I can’t think of a better word. (I mean, primitive and undeveloped also sound just as bad, to me.) Oh, and as far as Irfan goes, I’m very different. I appreciate spontaneity sometime, but mostly I like to know what to expect, even if it is the same “mundane” routine for the most part.

Something that I mentioned earlier is one thing that I hadn’t realized. I mentioned that Turkey was/is going through an Islamist Revolution when this story is taking place. But I didn’t realize that this was happening so recently in Turkey. From my very limited and uncomprehending Western knowledge of Islamist Revolutions in the Middle East, it seems weird wanting more regulations and whatnot. A step backward, in my mind. But I have been brought up to think that democracy is the best sort of government, especially a la the USA in respect to all our freedoms. So repression of freedoms I already have and take for granted boggles my mind. But I don’t want to get into anything political, so I’m stopping there.